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Accounts of the Millwaukee group's developments of the approach can be found in de Shazer, S. (1985) Keys to solutions in brief therapy; (1988) Clues: investigating solutions in brief therapy; (1991) Putting difference to work. All published by Norton. O'Connell, W. & Palmer, S. (2003) Handbook of Solution Focused Therapy. London. Sage, provides a UK perspective and describes a variety of specific applications.

Early accounts of Solution Focused Brief Therapy

DeShazer, S. (1985) Keys to solutions in brief therapy.
(1988) Clues: investigating solutions in brief therapy.
(1991) Putting difference to work. All published by Norton.

OHanlon, W. & Weiner-Davis, M. (1988) In search of solutions; a new direction in psychotherapy. Norton.

UK Texts on Solution Focused Practice, including sections on Mental Health

Hanton, P. (2011) Skills in Solution Focused Brief Counselling & Psychotherapy. London. Sage.

Ratner, H. et al (2012) Solution Focused Brief Therapy: 100 Key points & Techniques. London. Routledge.

Burns, K. (2005) Focus on Solutions: A Health Professionals Guide. London. Whurr Publishers

George, E. Iveson, C. & Ratner, H. (2000) Problem to solution: brief therapy with individuals and families. Brief Therapy Press.

Hawkes, D., Marsh, T. I., & Wilgosh, R. (1998) Solution-Focused Therapy: A Handbook for Health Care Professionals. Woburn, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

OConnell, W. (1998) Solution Focused Therapy. London. Sage.

OConnell, W. & Palmer, S. (2003) Solution Focused Therapy in Practice. London. Sage.


Wheeler, J. (2001) A Helping Hand: Solution Focused Brief Therapy and Child & Adolescent Mental Health. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry

Child Protection

Berg, I., K. (1991) Family preservation: a brief therapy workbook. Brief Therapy Press (7 - 8 Newbury Street, London, EC1A 7HU)

Berg, I. K. & Kelly, S. (2000) Building Solutions in Child Protective Services. New York. Norton.

Essex, S., Gumbleton, J., & Luger, C. (1996) Resolutions: Working with Families where Responsibility for Abuse is Denied. Child Abuse Review 5: 191-201.

ONeill, D., & McCashen, W. (1991) Competency based family support: brief therapy as a tool in goal setting and family valuing in child protection work. Family Therapy Case Studies 6.2:3-12

Turnell, A. & Edwards, S. (1999) Signs of Safety: A Solution and Safety Oriented Approach to Child Protection Casework. London. W.W. Norton

Walsh T. (ed.) (1997) Solution Focused Child Protection - Towards a Positive Frame for Social Work Practice. Dublin. University of Dublin


Berg, I., K. (2003) Childrens Solution Work. London. Norton

Metcalf, L. (1997) Parenting Towards Solutions: How Parents can Use Skills They Already Have to Raise Responsible, Loving Kids. New Jersey. Prentice-Hall.

Sharry, J. (2004) Counselling Children, Adolescents and Families: A Strengths Based Approach. London. Sage.

Domestic Violence

Lee, M. Y., Sebald, J. & Uken, A. (2003) Solution focused treatment of domestic violence offenders: accountability for change. OUP.

Group Work

Metcalf, L. (1998) Solution Focused Group Therapy: Ideas for Groups in Private Practice, Schools, Agencies and Treatment Programs. New York. The Free Press.

Sharry, J. (2001) Solution Focused Group Work. London. Sage

Health Visiting

Iveson, C. (1995) Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: a Tool for Health Visitors. Health Visitor 68.6:236-238.


Ajmal, Y. & Rees, I. (2001) Solutions in Schools: Creative Applications of Solution Focused Thinking with Young People and Adults. London. Brief Therapy Press.

Durrant, M. (1995) Creative Strategies for School Problems: Solutions for Psychologists and Teachers. New York. Norton.

Metcalf, L. (1995) Counselling Towards Solutions: A Practical Solution-Focused Program for working with Students, Teachers and Parents. New York. Simon and Schuster

Metcalf, L. (1998) Teaching Toward Solutions: Step-by-step Strategies for Handling Academic, Behavioural and Family Issues in the Classroom. New York. Simon and Shuster.

Murphy, J. (1997) Solution Focused Counselling in Middle and High Schools. Alexandria VA: American Counselling Association.

Murphy, J. & Duncan, B. L., (1997) Brief Interventions for School Problems: Collaborating for Practical Solutions. New York. Guilford.

Rhodes, J. & Ajmal. Y. (1995) Solution focused therapy in schools. Brief Therapy Press.

Sklare, G. B. (1997) Brief Counselling that Works. Corwin Press Inc.

Social Work

Milner, J. & O'Byrne, P. (1998) Assessment in Social Work. Basingstoke. MacMillan

Parton, N. & OByrne, P. (2000) Constructive Social Work.. London. MacMillan.

Sundmann, P (1997) Solution Focused Ideas in Social Work. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 159-172

Substance Misuse

Berg, I., K., & Gallagher, D. (1991) Solution Focused brief treatment with adolescent substance abusers. In T.C. Todd & M.D. Selekman (Eds.) Family Therapy Approaches with Adolescent Substance Abusers. Allyn & Bacon.

Berg, I., K., & Miller, S., D. (1992) Working with the problem drinker: a Solution Focused Approach. New York. Norton.

Miller, S. D. & Berg, I. K. (1995) The Miracle Method: A Radically New Approach to Problem Drinking. New York. Norton.


Berg, I., K., & Gallagher, D. (1991) Solution Focused brief treatment with adolescent substance abusers. In T.C. Todd & M.D. Selekman (Eds.) Family Therapy Approaches with Adolescent Substance Abusers. Allyn & Bacon.

Bertolino, B. (1999) Therapy with Troubled Teenagers: Rewriting Young Lives in Progress. New York. Wiley.

Bertolino, B. & Thompson, K. (1999) The Residential Youth Care Worker in Action. : A Collaborative, Competency-based Approach. New York. The Haworth Press.

Selekman, M., D. (1993) Pathways to Change: Brief Therapy Solutions with Difficult Adolescents. New York. Guilford.